Roy Stewart Moore (born February 11, 1947) is an American politician and former Alabama state judge best known for being twice elected to and twice removed from the Alabama Supreme Court. He also is the founder and president of the Foundation for Moral Law. Moore is the Republican nominee in the special election on December 12, 2017 to fill the United States Senate seat vacated by Jeff Sessions.
Moore has earned significant national attention and controversy over his strongly anti-homosexual, anti-Muslim, and far-right views, his belief that Christianity should order public policy, as well as his past ties to neo-Confederates and white nationalist groups. According to Vox, if Moore is elected, he is likely to be the most far-right Senator, "far afield from even the most conservative Republican currently in the Senate". Moore was also a leading voice in the anti-Obama birther movement, which promoted the debunked conspiracy theory that former President Barack Obama was not born in the United States. Moore had also argued that Obama was a secret Muslim. Among other beliefs, his view that Christianity should supersede public laws has been cause for criticism.
Moore was elected to the position of Chief Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court in 2001, but was removed from his position in November 2003 by the Alabama Court of the Judiciary for refusing to remove a monument of the Ten Commandments commissioned by him from the Alabama Judicial Building, despite orders to do so by a federal court. Moore twice sought the Republican nomination for the governorship of Alabama (in 2006 and 2010), but lost in the primaries. Moore was again elected Chief Justice in 2013, but was suspended in May 2016, for directing probate judges to continue to enforce the state's ban on same-sex marriage despite the fact that this had been deemed unconstitutional.
Following an unsuccessful appeal, Moore resigned in April 2017, and announced that he would run for the United States Senate seat which was vacated by Jeff Sessions, upon Sessions's confirmation as Attorney General of the United States. He defeated incumbent senator Luther Strange in the September 26 Republican primary runoff. Moore faces Democratic nominee Doug Jones in the special election on December 12, 2017.
Between 2007 and 2012, Moore collected $1 million in undisclosed payments to himself from the Foundation for Moral Law, which he had founded in 2002 as a non-profit organization. This amount exceeded the revenue the foundation reported in its public tax filings. The foundation also paid for an assortment of fringe benefits and perks for Moore, and supported Moore's political ambitions. A number of charity and tax-law experts have said that the foundation's activities "raised questions about compliance with IRS rules, including prohibitions on the use of a charity for the private benefit or enrichment of an individual". Wikipedia