Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif (Urdu/Punjabi: میاں محمد نواز شریف, born 25 December 1949) is a Pakistani politician and businessman who served as the Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1990 to 1993, from 1997 to 1999 and again from 2013 to 2017. He had previously served as the Chief Minister of Punjab from 1985 to 1990.
Born into the upper-middle class Sharif family in Lahore, he is the son of Ittefaq and Sharif Group founder Muhammad Sharif, and the elder-brother of three-time elected Punjab Chief Minister, Shehbaz. Sharif studied business at Government College and later law at the University of Punjab before entering politics in the later 1970s. In 1981, Sharif was appointed by Zia-ul-Haq's regime as the Minister of Finance for the province of Punjab. Backed by a loose coalition of conservatives, he was elected as the Chief Minister of Punjab in 1985 and re-elected after the end of martial law in 1988. In 1990, Sharif led a conservative alliance to victory, leading him to become the Prime Minister. Later it was alleged that the election was rigged in favour of Sharif by the Pakistani intelligence agency, the ISI, channeling millions of rupees into his election campaign.
Sharif's first administration came to an end when then President Ghulam dismissed Sharif on corruption charges. Sharif successfully challenged the dismissal in the Supreme Court, but both men were ultimately persuaded to step down in 1993 by army chief Waheed. Sharif's second term also saw tussles with the judiciary and the military. Sharif also forcibly relieved General Karamat from command and replaced him with Musharraf in 1998. However, the Kargil War led to a deterioration of his relations with Musharraf. When he attempted to relieve Musharraf from his command on 12 October 1999, the military instead ousted Sharif's government and exiled him to Saudi Arabia.
In 2013 elections, Sharif's Muslim League formed a coalition government. As a result, Sharif was elected Prime Minister by Parliament. On security front, in 2015 the military launched an offensive to remove extremist groups in northwestern Pakistan and another paramilitary offensive in 2017. Sharif's third term is also underpinned by social centrism rather than the social conservatism, which guided his prior two terms. Sharif's third term has brought macroeconomic stability with the help of substantial loans from the IMF, and multi-billion dollar investment deals with China. However, he has faced criticism over rising sovereign debt, which has risen by 35%. Sharif's family has come under trial over Panama Papers.
On 28 July 2017, Sharif was disqualified for public office by the Supreme Court of Pakistan for a period of 10 years. Sharif submitted his resignation after the ruling. Wikipedia